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Tasar pre-cocoon Central Sector scheme for Tribal Development by Welfare Department.

Jharkhand is leading state in India producing of Tasar Cocoons which contributing more than 50% of Countries Production. Tasar is a wild variety of silk fibre, earlier it was produced in the dense forest area by nature later on forest dwellers (Tribal Communities) were trained to engage in its rearing on Asan and Arjuna trees. The cycle of silkworms rearing to produce cocoons, and then processing those cocoons to make yarn and fabric came into practice due to significant effort by the govt agencies. Tasar is, reared in forest areas by the tribal families and they get supplements income from this low investment seasonal activity.

In early 80’s the forest areas having good number of Arjuna and Asan trees but with rapid decreasing forest areas and trees the producing of Tasar Cocoons has become challenging for the tribal communities. The potential of the trade for domestic consumption and the international market of raw silk fibre/ yarn are increasing day-by-day.

PHOOLEEN as an organisation advocating for preserving Jungle Areas and also making people sensitize on their rights to forest resources & its utilization for community based livelihood. Currently the organisation implementing two Units of MADA Tasar Pre-cocoon Scheme in Deoghar & Dumka District of Jharkhand. The goal of the project is five years plan to grow Arjuna plants into trees, trained the beneficiaries about tasar (Silk) cocoon rearing, seed crop rearing, providing them exposure, working capital, appropriate linkages, and develop self sustaining cooperatives.

The target of the project is to cover 150 Hector vacant land, that 200 tribal families shall gain opportunity to secure Supplementary source of income in the remote villages of Madhupur Block of Deoghar District and Masalia Block of Dumka District through silkworms rearing to produce cocoons, and then processing those cocoons to make yarn and fabric in coming few years.

 Homestead Poultry Development Project under Central Sector scheme for Tribal Development.

PHOOLEEN is in the process of developing a model of homestead poultry rearing. In the state like Jharkhand livelihood of tribal and other backward communities are depend on small activities like Traditional Farming, Forest based livelihood & Animal Husbandry like poultry bird rearing, Duck farming, Goat rearing, sheep rearing etc. Few household are engaged in keeping cows, buffalos, for milk and domestic use of these animals in agriculture fields. The cow dung, litter/waste of other domestic cattle’s is being used in the agriculture as organic fertilizer for increase in cultivation of paddy, wheat, maize, vegetable etc.

To promote the livelihood of the rural poor tribal families those who have less scope of income and employment are being selected as beneficiaries under the poultry rearing programme. The families are being trained in groups with inputs like exposure, brooding of poultry birds, vaccination, feeding, use of medicines, cleaning the sheds, disinfecting process, maintaining simple accounting, marketing etc. The beneficiaries are being organised into SHGs initially and later shall converted into cooperatives to serve the growing needs of broiler chicken in small town and urban markets like Madhupur & Deoghar.

Under the project the beneficiaries are being given a support for construction of a poultry rearing shed of 300 Sq. ft. with standard working capital according to variable market rates for rearing of 300 chicks with feed, feeder, drinker, medicines, other required tools and other equipments. The beneficiaries are trained to provide veterinary care and manage linkages on behalf of the producers SHGs. A consultant veterinary doctor has assigned to provide his expertise in case of complications. The field level workers monitors and provides hand holding support to the beneficiaries to build them a successful entrepreneur in the long run. The one cycle of rearing of 200 to 300 birds in their homesteads takes around 28-32 days to grow up the chicks up to 1.5 kg & each bird to become ready for sale.

During the year 2012-13 the target of the project is to engage 130 families in (broiler) Poultry Bird rearing to secure their additional income for stable livelihood. Out of the total target of 130 families already 85 Poultry sheds have been constructed in 6 villages of Karon Block where 36 beneficiaries belongs to 3 villages completed 5 cycle of successful poultry rearing. These 36 beneficiaries have been linked with the traders for independent business opportunity. During the initial two cycle of rearing the profit were not satisfactory as this was learning period but in the third cycle of rearing a feeling amongst the rears streamlined their motivation towards management process of farming. The average income per cycle per beneficiaries has been increased and calculated approx- INR 3000 to 4500 within a period of 32 days.

PLANTATION OF FRUIT FUEL AND FODDER PLANTS:

Large-scale of deforestation & Increasing human population in all the blocks of Jharkhand state has seriously affected the entire ecosystem and the surrounding environment. Forests which form an important component of the ecosystem are essential for the survival of the animal kingdom. Apart from providing clean air and habitat for a wide range of flora and fauna, forests are also a source of livelihood for millions of people in developing countries.

Forests are the major source of fruits, fuel-wood, fodder, timber, and a wide range of herbal medicinal plants. Till the end of last century, the entire demand for fuel-wood was met from the forests. However, with the increasing population pressure, supply of essential commodities from forests was not adequate to meet the needs.

At this juncture it’s now time to take community action to explore an alternative source of initiative to grow fruits, fuel-wood, fodder, timber, and herbal medicinal plants in the barren lands at the rural areas.

PHOOLEEN promotes plantation of Fruit, fuel-wood, fodder, and medicinal plants in community lands and private wastelands in few of its target village, it is difficult for the rural poor to meet these needs with small initiatives but the idea behind the programme is to sensitize community that they may realize the needs and act for bridging the gaps of demand and availability in long run.

Under the programme the organization raises 25000, seedlings of plant species of Fruit, timber, fuel & herbs every year for plantation by the communities at their land. To maintain the interest of the community a token amount is being recovered from the recipients of these plants. Through this approach of work, fruits production and its consumption by the house hold shall reduce the malnutrition and anemia, fuel-wood and fodder availability shall decrease the work burden on women, medicinal plants shall increase some additional source of income and health securities and finally food security shall be ensured.

SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE:
Agriculture is the primary source of livelihood of the rural communities residing in the jharkhand platux. Due to traditional pattern of farming, low productive soil having scarce water resources, the rural community take it as a non profit occupation. The rural communities are involved in seasonal agriculture only because it gives them substantial food to some extent.
PHOOLEEN considers agriculture a source of livelihood for common mass but this can’t be developed in the area in isolated way this can be developed in the integrated frame of Natural Resource Management.
Phooleen is in process to train, small and marginal farmers on improving farming techniques, Farmers group formation, providing basic support like good quality seed, facilitating organic manure production for their own farms, helping to develop irrigation structures for replication, use of SRI technology to increase the production.
On the other hand the organisation facilitating the local self government (PRIs) to develop a micro plan towards village development considering the aspects of NRM and creating irrigational structures which shall lead to improve the sustainability of the agriculture in the area.

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